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Since there are mathematics and mathematical-physics tags, I was convinced that it is perfectly legitimate to ask for a mathematically rigourous proof, i.e. a methematically correct, once given the assumptions made in physics on the mathematical objects used in the derivation, such as functions, domains etc. (reaching formulae supported and confirmed by experimental evidence by uncorrect mathematical procedures does not obviously fit the usual definition of rigourous that anybody having studied any mathematics is accustomed to).

Given the existence of those two tags, I was also convinced that it is perfectly licit to ask for a mathematical explanation of steps found in mathematical derivations of a certain physical law from given premises.

Such questions could well be also considered on topic on Mathematics Stackexchange, but I am not sure how much the users of that site may be acquainted with all of the physicist's assumptions made on a certain mathematical object, for ex. any assumption on a current density J (apart from the differentiability on a certain subset -not necessarily all of the domain where the function is defined-, which I think to be almost universal for any function in physics). On the contrary, I think that the users of this site, if they have already studied the derivation of a certain physical law, are likely to have asked themselves, or to the their Professors, or searched in booktexts for what justifies the equalities they have found when studying the derivation of that law.

Are such questions on topic here? If they are not, what other kind of question should the mathematics tag be used for?

This question, linked by Qmechanic, whom I thank, is quite related to what I am asking here, but I am focussing on a rather different issue: the "on-topicness" of questions about mathematical proofs involving mathematical objects subjected to assumptions defined by the methods of physics.

I would still be inclined to believe so, unless it had happened to me to become the target of insistent comments, accompanied by down/close votes, telling me that it is not clear what I am asking when, for ex., I ask for a proof whose steps can be mathematically justified (and where the answerer is hopefully willing to explain -as any standard mathematics or mathematical physics book does- to the asker and readers what mathematical results (= theorems, known properties,...) allows such steps when they are not trivial), or when I ask what mathematical result allows to commute an integral and a derivative sign.

I thank any answerer!

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marked as duplicate by Danu, user36790, tpg2114, Kyle Kanos, Sebastian Riese Feb 22 '16 at 17:31

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

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    $\begingroup$ General comment to the post (v1): Note that on-topicness or off-topicness of a question is decided by the Phys.SE community, not by the existence or the non-existence of a tag. $\endgroup$ – Qmechanic Feb 14 '16 at 13:08
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    $\begingroup$ That was exactly my first thought as well: you can't assume that a particular kind of question is on topic or off topic based on the existence or nonexistence of a tag. My second thought is that this question is worded in quite a complicated way, and I'm not sure I really understand what its point is. $\endgroup$ – David Z Feb 14 '16 at 18:28
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    $\begingroup$ @DavidZ I thank you both for your comments. As to this, I fear that complications have arisen because of the pressure to explain more. Otherwise I would only ask "what mathematical result allows us to commute $\iiint$ and $\nabla\times$ here?" (and an asnwer would obviously also explain if the $\iiint$ is a Lebsgue integral or what else and if derivative components of $\nabla$ are the ordinary derivatives of calculus or what else) $\endgroup$ – Self-teaching worker Feb 14 '16 at 18:50
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    $\begingroup$ This question is really far too wordy so that the reader gets lost as to what the point is. I think your actual question is the one in the title, and it gets laid out by your first sentence.and the fourth paragraph. The second and third paragraph don't really contribute anything, I also don't see how "the "on-topicness" of questions about mathematical proofs involving mathematical objects subjected to assumptions defined by the methods of physics." is different from what the linked question asks. $\endgroup$ – ACuriousMind Feb 14 '16 at 19:38

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