Because this is a different community centered around a different topic, responding to different pressures, in a very different internet environment, and which has made different choices over a very long period.
In short, the general feeling around here is that homework and homework-like questions diminish the value of this site for many people who are interested in much more technical content, and that diluting that content with drudgework would drive away many highly-qualified users and therefore strongly diminish the usefulness of this site as a resource.
The longer answer is that this topic has a very long history of discussion on this meta, which is documented on this tag. Very many opinions have been voiced over the ~six years this site has existed, and it is not a simple discussion. Given how you phrased things, one place to start could be this question (which is pretty close to a duplicate of this one, to be honest).
Finally, since you specifically compare against maths.se, you should keep in mind that the existence of MathOverflow changes the equation dramatically, in terms of the outlets for technical content available to professional research mathematicians versus what is available for physics. (The existence of a MathOverflow equivalent for physics is another long-storied discussion which you should brush up on before diving into it.) The situation over on math.se is simply not comparable to the environment this site is in.